The world contemplates placing trust in North Korea
Digamber Eslampure | Collegio Reporter
The new deal between North Korea and the United States will freeze the nuclear program of North Korea in exchange for food aid from America. This is certainly a positive deal, but we should not jump the gun and conclude that it is a big breakthrough. We should not build our hopes based on this deal because the two partners share decades of mistrust.
The North Koreans breached a couple of previous agreement. In 1994, Bill Clinton’s administration brokered a deal to shut down the nuclear program in return for aid from America in building electric power plants. However, North Korea broke the agreement in 2002 and both sides accused each other of not living up to the agreements.
Further, they continued their long-range missile launch and nuclear enrichment program until 2007, when the Bush administration, along with South Korea, Russia, China and Japan, negotiated to stop the nuclear program. In return, Kim Jong-il’s government received 1 million tons of fuel. However, North Korea and America failed to reach an agreement on the inspection parameters and the agreement was dissolved.
Given this history, it’s difficult for me to believe any promises made by North Korea. However, the only hope for change is North Korea’s new leadership. Nevertheless, Kim Jong-un is an amateur and an unknown.
Obama administration’s now has the opportunity to make a successful agreement with North Korea. The major points in this deal are: (a) impose a moratorium on long-range missile launches, (b) suspend uranium enrichment and (c) allow the U.N. to inspect the facilities for compliance.
Even though the agreement is widely acknowledged as a breakthrough, I have doubts about its success, because the statements given from the two countries do not fit together.
North Korea agreed to suspend uranium enrichment only at Yongbyon’s nuclear plant. Interestingly, it approved halting only uranium enrichment. Moreover, the deal didn’t mention anything about already possessed nuclear weapons.
In other words, they are not halting the nuclear program completely. The current deal may reduce the speed of nuclear weapon development, but it surely will not stop it completely.
The major loophole in the agreement is the Yongbyon nuclear plant’s processing of plutonium enrichment. Further, they didn’t mention other nuclear plants in the country.
How can you believe that North Korea would put all its technology and investment in one place? There may be other nuclear plants elsewhere. America would have been wise if they had imposed a moratorium on the whole nation, rather than a particular nuclear plant.
The deal didn’t cite when or how North Korea will allow nuclear inspectors into their country. Additionally, they didn’t state the measurement parameters. In other words, it is simply a limited inspection.
Experts say it would be difficult to assess the sophistication and complexity of the nuclear weapons that are already developed. In addition, they already have enough nuclear weapons to participate in a nuclear war.
There is widespread speculation that North Korea holds powerful nuclear weapons, missiles and other nuclear equipment in some undisclosed location.
under these conditions, it would be a risky move for the United States to offer 240,000 tons of food to the North Koreans in exchange for an ineffective nuclear deal.
Finally, North Korea is well known for breaking deals regarding their nuclear program. So, it would be wise to include penalties for violating the deal.
On the other hand, it is a great opportunity for North Korea to maintain good relations with the external world considering its new, young leadership. The new leader has the responsibility to bring the nation back to a peaceful track.
However, we should not look back to where we have been. Rather, we should look forward to where we can go. The United States should plug the loopholes. Unless the U.S. makes adequate changes in the deal, it will not yield good results.